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Elephants can detect rain 150 miles off, scientists discover

Elephants can detect rain 150 miles off, scientists discover

Animals throughout Africa have evolved to live with the continent's difficult conditions and the fact that much of it has a distinct wet and dry season.

It turns out that one of the ways in which elephants have adapted to be able to survive is by knowing when rain is going to fall, even if the storm is some 150 miles away.

Scientists from Texas A&M, the University of Virginia, the University of New South Wales, and the University of Utah have carried out research into the phenomenon.

They looked at the way that herds of elephants suddenly make moves towards where rain will be falling as the seasons shift.

To collect data for the study, 14 of Namibia's elephants were fitted with GPS trackers for a period of seven years, while information on the weather was also monitored.

When these two elements were brought together a direct correlation was found between the herds' movements and thunderstorms happening as much as 150 miles away.

Oliver Frauenfeld, assistant professor in the geography department at Texas A&M, said: "We don't know if they can actually hear the thunder or if they are detecting other low-frequency sounds generated by the storms that humans can't hear. But there is no doubt they know what direction the rain is."

The importance of elephants being able to predict where water will be is particularly vital in countries such as Namibia where the rainy season lasts only a couple of weeks.

Researchers hope that this newfound fact about elephants will also help conservationists to protect them in the wild.

By monitoring weather patterns and knowing that elephants are likely to go where the rain is, those tasked with keeping them safe will have more of an insight into where herds are likely to congregate.

This means they can patrol these areas more closely and hopefully cut down on the number of creatures killed by poachers.

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